San Zu Ding and Pattern: Six hypotheses on the origin of the hammer-sickle sign

Conference performance, 50 min-60 min., 2013-2016

 

A Sanzuding, or ritual pottery vessel, bearing a mysterious symbol uncannily like the hammer and sickle of modern communism, was unearthed by archaeologists in 2013. Carbon-14 dating showed it had been made around 3000 BC during the Neolithic period. By coincidence, in 2015, in Xi’an, Shaanxi, a farmer excavated a perfectly-preserved piece of pottery decorated with the three-legged frog pattern, on a site located fifty kilometres from the Banpo Heritage site. This discovery has filled the gap that previously existed in the archaeological study of painted pottery of the Yangshao period and the mystery of the ancient hammer and sickle pattern.

On the basis of archaeology, anthropology, psychoanalysis, semantics, semiotics and mythology, Professor Yao focuses her research on the origin and development of the hammer and sickle motif, concerning which she proposes six hypotheses with scientific significance.

三足鼎及其鼎纹探究

讲座,60分钟, 2013-2016

 

2013年,河南仰韶地区龙门镇的工人在施工过程中意外发现了一件红陶三足鼎,其鼎纹以回纹排列,与中国现行的镰锤符号惊人相似。经碳十四测年法显示,龙门三足鼎迄今已有5000年的历史,而其神秘的纹饰也被考古学界命名为镰锤纹。

无独有偶,2015年,一位农民在距陕西西安半坡遗址约50公里处挖掘出一件保存完整的三足蛙纹陶器,上面同样出现了相似的镰锤符号。它的出现恰好弥补了中国考古史关于仰韶时期彩陶及其镰锤纹研究的缺口。姚教授从考古学,人类学,精神分析学,语义学,符号学和神话学的角度分别切入,对镰锤符号的发展和起源提出了六种具有重要意义的科学性的假设。

          

                                                                                                                                      姚清妹教授

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