San Zu Ding and Pattern: Six hypotheses on the origin of the hammer-sickle sign
Conference performance, 50 min-60 min., 2013-2016
A Sanzuding, or ritual pottery vessel, bearing a mysterious symbol uncannily like the hammer and sickle of modern communism, was unearthed by archaeologists in 2013. Carbon-14 dating showed it had been made around 3000 BC during the Neolithic period. By coincidence, in 2015, in Xi’an, Shaanxi, a farmer excavated a perfectly-preserved piece of pottery decorated with the three-legged frog pattern, on a site located fifty kilometres from the Banpo Heritage site. This discovery has filled the gap that previously existed in the archaeological study of painted pottery of the Yangshao period and the mystery of the ancient hammer and sickle pattern.
On the basis of archaeology, anthropology, psychoanalysis, semantics, semiotics and mythology, Professor Yao focuses her research on the origin and development of the hammer and sickle motif, concerning which she proposes six hypotheses with scientific significance.